When they have the potential to cause death and other serious health issues, wastes are hazardous and contribute to environmental problems when they are usually not controlled and disposed of properly.

A material or product is classified as hazardous waste when they are:

  • Radioactive
  • Eco-Toxic
  • Oxidizing
  • Treatment
  • Toxic
  • Corrosive
  • Swelling
  • Explosives

Hazardous Waste Materials usually result in automobile industries, medical centers and hospitals, chemical plants, oil refineries, power companies, and the like. Hazardous waste materials are generally divided into 3 categories which are:

  • F-list containing waste materials that originate from manufacturing and industrial operations.
  • The K-list contains waste materials from specific industrial sectors such as pesticide manufacturing or petroleum refining.
  • P-list and U-list are sub-lists that include commercial chemical type products that are hazardous only when they are not handled and dumped properly.

Hazardous Waste Management

Many advanced nations are struggling with a similar issue of waste management and disposal. Disposal is often seen as a second option and is often included as there are more problems with the disposal of waste in some cases. Waste management means the collection, processing, transport, and recycling where possible. This type of waste is produced by human activity and waste management is a highly effective technique to prevent effects on people’s physical and mental well-being. There are various ways by which waste is managed which are given below:

  • Landfill
  • Physical And Biological Reproduction
  • Growth
  • Avoidance And Reduction
  • Energy Recovery

Landfill means burying non-waste waste materials. If it is properly designed and properly managed then it can be a healthier and even cheaper way of discarding waste. Incineration refers to the burning of waste materials. It is usually a high-temperature wastewater treatment method and is also sometimes referred to as thermal treatment. The waste is converted into gas, heat, steam, and ash. It is a technique for disposal of large and small scale waste materials. It helps in getting rid of solid, liquid, and gaseous waste. There is an effective way to get rid of health-related waste. However, there are many with the view that harmful unwanted gases are produced when therapy goes awry. Recycling is a process where the original useful resource is extracted from the waste, or even the waste is reprocessed.

There are many ways and methods of recycling; Just as cola containers have a huge environmental annoyance, they are recycling it on a large scale to make it useful. Biological recycling describes waste materials that are organic and natural, that is, waste materials that can decay and mix with nature, its source. Some examples of such waste materials are paper, food, dead leaves, etc., which can be subjected to natural recycling. The fuel that is produced along the way can be used to produce electrical energy. Energy recovery usually means energy that is contained within the waste elements, should not be wasted, as the product is disposed of so the entire process of energy recovery uses latent energy as a primary combustion fuel. This fuel can be used as energy for cooking, heating, or other heat using processes. Possibly the most important methods that are now being put into practice are avoiding and reducing the production of waste materials. Used items are being reused and individuals are being discouraged to use disposable materials.

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